Type 1 Diabetes
- cells that produce insulin are destroyed
- results in insulin dependence
- commonly detected before 30
Type 2 Diabetes
- blood glucose levels rise due to
1) Lack of insulin production
2) Insufficient insulin action (resistant cells)
- commonly detected after 40
- effects > 90%
- eventually leads to β-cell failure
(resulting in insulin dependence)
3-5% of pregnant women in the US develop gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: insulin levels are grossly deficient. Thus type 1 diabetes is invariably treated with insulin and known as IDDM( Insulin dependent daibetes melitus)
Type 2 diabetes: frequently associated with obesity. Serum insulin levels are normal or elevated, so this is a disease of insulin resistance. A number of treatment options may be employed. Also known as NIDDM( Non-Insulin dependent daibetes melitus)
Three Types of Diabetes
Type I Diabetes
– Body’s immune system attacks cells that make insulin.
– Cells die causing high sugar levels in blood.
– Lack of insulin coupled with high blood sugar may cause acid build up in the blood.
Type II Diabetes
Your body probably still makes insulin, but your body’s cells can’t use it well.
Life with Type II Diabetes
Who gets it?
– Anyone can develop Type II Diabetes
Risk Factors You Can Control
– Your Food habit
– Lack of physical activity
– High blood pressure/high cholesterol
Risk Factors You Can’t Control
– Family History
– Gestational Diabetes
– Ethnic Group
Symptoms of Type II Diabetes
Frequent or slow-healing infections (including internal wounds, skin lesions etc.)
Erectile dysfunction in men
Occurs in some old women
About 4% world wide
It can cause problems during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.
This type of diabetes is diagnosed in the last months of pregnancy.
Women who get gestational diabetes are more likely to develop Type II Diabetes.