Sunday, December 22, 2013

Diabetes Mellitus Details and Three Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

                - cells that produce insulin are destroyed
                - results in insulin dependence
                - commonly detected before 30

Type 2 Diabetes

                - blood glucose levels rise due to
                                1) Lack of insulin               production
                                2) Insufficient insulin      action (resistant cells)
                - commonly detected after 40
                - effects > 90%
                - eventually leads to β-cell failure
(resulting in insulin dependence)

Gestational Diabetes

3-5% of pregnant women in the US develop gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: insulin levels are grossly deficient.  Thus type 1 diabetes is invariably treated with insulin and known as IDDM( Insulin dependent daibetes melitus)
Type 2 diabetes: frequently associated with obesity.  Serum insulin levels are normal or elevated, so this is a disease of insulin resistance.  A number of treatment options may be employed. Also known as NIDDM( Non-Insulin dependent daibetes melitus) 

Three Types of Diabetes

Type I Diabetes

        Body’s immune system attacks cells that make insulin.
        Cells die causing high sugar levels in blood.
        Lack of insulin coupled with high blood sugar may cause acid build up in the blood.

Type II Diabetes

Your body probably still makes insulin, but your body’s cells can’t use it well.
Life with Type II Diabetes
Who gets it?
        Anyone can develop Type II Diabetes
Risk Factors You Can Control
        Your Food habit
        Lack of physical activity
        High blood pressure/high cholesterol
Risk Factors You Can’t Control
        Family History
        Gestational Diabetes
        Ethnic Group

Symptoms of Type II Diabetes

Increased urination
Increased appetite
Blurred vision
Frequent or slow-healing infections (including internal wounds, skin lesions etc.)
Erectile dysfunction in men

Gestational Diabetes

Occurs in some old women
About 4% world wide
It can cause problems during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.
This type of diabetes is diagnosed in the last months of pregnancy.
Women who get gestational diabetes are more likely to develop Type II Diabetes.

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