Saturday, January 4, 2014

Anthrax and Types of Anthrax

Anthrax is caused by a spore forming bacterium name is Bacillus anthracis. Most common in animals, but humans can get the disease too. Other names for the disease are Wool sorter’s Disease and Ragpicker’s Disease. It is aerobic and non-motile usually about 3 microns in diameter.

There are three forms of Anthrax that will affect the human body

ž  Inhalation Anthrax
ž  Cutaneous Anthrax
ž  Gastrointestinal Tract Anthrax

Inhalation Anthrax

You infected by the disease, if the spores enter into the body through the nasal passage. Usually the person will recover if treatment is given right away. Once the patient has entered stage two without treatment it is likely the patient will die.


First stage symptoms include: fever, malaise, headache, cough, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
Second stage symptoms include: fever, Severe shortness of breath, and shock. Most likely followed by death.

Tests That Should Be Done

To see if it really is inhalation anthrax the hospital should run the following tests: chest x-ray, blood cultures, sputum cultures, and a spinal tap. Also you should do a gram stain to better see the results. For identification of Bacillus anthracis through staining, one must observe encapsulated bacilli when using polychrome methelyene-blue stain [Turnbull, 1996]. The typical appearance includes matte appearance, flat, tacky, white or gray white, and non-hemolytic on blood agar.

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